ʻŌnaehanan

ʻO ʻŌnaehana he hana ʻike kiʻi ʻia e hoʻolaʻa i nā ʻike e kamaʻilio ai i nā manaʻo, nā moʻolelo, nā manaʻo, nā manaʻo, nā ʻoluʻolu a me nā lewa e nā ʻano hoʻoneʻe a i kūkulu ʻia i nā kiʻi me nā manaʻo ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo "kinema", pōkole no kinemakolahian, i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia e pili i kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hana ana a me ʻoihana kiʻiʻoniʻoni, a i ke ʻike kiʻi he hopena ia.

GIF-kahian mahalo — ola o kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e Eadweard Muybridge i ka makahiki 1887. ʻO kāna mau hana — hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia i nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ma mua o ke ala kūpono no ke kau hou ʻana i ka mea ma ke neʻe.
ʻO ka hale hōʻike ʻo Pelelina Wintergarten ke kahua o ka hale kiʻi mua loa, me kahi kiʻi pōkole i hōʻike ʻia e ʻo Skladanowsky kaikua i ka lā 1 Nowemapa 1895. (Whakaʻi ʻia i loko nei kahi hōʻikeʻike like ʻole i ka hale hōʻike ma Iulai 1940.)

Hoʻokumu ʻia nā kiʻi neʻe o ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni e kiʻi kiʻi nā hiʻohiʻona maoli me kahi kiʻi-kiʻi kiʻi, ma ke kiʻi kiʻi ʻana a i ʻole nā ​​hiʻohiʻona kiʻi e hoʻohana ana i nā ʻano kuʻuna hākema, ma o ke ʻano o CGI a me kahi hāmeʻa kamepiula, a i ʻole i ke hui pū ʻana o kekahi a i ʻole kēia mau ʻano hana a pau, a me mau hopena ʻike.

Ma nā hana maʻamau, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā kiʻi ma ke kiʻi celluloid ma kahi kaʻina — a laila hōʻike ʻia ma o kiʻiʻoniʻoni kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i hiki i kahi papaʻaina. Nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni kū pinepine piha loa kamepiula ma o ke kaʻina holoʻokoʻa o ke kūkulu ʻana, ka lawe ʻana, a me ka hōʻike, ʻoiai nā kiʻi i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi pepa kiʻi i hana pinepine ʻia nā mea kani optical kaniʻikepili (kahi kiʻi kiʻi hoʻokō o nā huaʻōlelo i ʻōlelo ʻia, nā mele a me kani ʻē aʻe e pili pū ana i nā kiʻi e holo ana ma kahi hapa o ke kiʻi i mālama paʻa ʻia no ia, ʻaʻole i manaʻo ʻia.

Nā kiʻiʻoniʻi moʻomeheu hana i hana ʻia e ʻano moʻomeheu. Hōʻike lākou i kēlā mau kuʻuna, a me ka hopena, pili lākou iā lākou. Kuhi ʻia ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻano mea nui nui, ke kumu o nā leʻaleʻa punahele, a me ke wahi ikaika no ka pepakiʻopena - a i ʻole kiʻi hoʻolaha — nā kamaʻāina. Hāʻawi ke kumu ʻike o ke kiʻi iā ia i kahi mana ākea āpau o ke kamaʻilio. Ua lilo kekahi mau kiʻiʻoniʻoni i nā wahi puni honua holoʻokoʻa ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana o luau wale a i ʻole ʻatikala a unuhi i ka ʻōlelo i nā ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe.

ʻO nā kiʻi pilikino e hana i kahi kiʻiʻoniʻoni, ua kapa ʻia hoʻoweliweli. I ke kauā ʻana o nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni celluloid kahiko, ʻo ka pani ʻōpiopio ka mea e pili ana i nā kikowaena o ka pouli ma kēlā me kēia mākeke, a huli hoʻi, i neʻe ʻia i loko o ke kūlana e hopohopo ʻia, akā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ka mea nānā i nā mea hoʻopiʻi no ka hopena i ʻike ʻia e ka hoʻomau ʻia o ka hihiʻo, kahi a nā maka e mālama ai i kahi kiʻi no kahi hapa o kahi kekona ma hope o ke nalowale ana kona kumu. ʻO ka ʻike ʻana o ke neʻe kekahi hapa ma muli o kahi hopena i kapa ʻia ʻo phi phen.

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