James Joyce

James Joyce
James Joyce

«Hameh Aukuine Aloinuh Houhe» (penikī.: James Augustine Aloysius Joyce; hānau ma: 2 Pepeluali 1882 — make ma: 13 Ianuali 1941) he mea kākau moʻolelo Ilelanian, kākau moʻolelo pōkole, poʻokela, kumu, a me nā mākahewa palapala. Ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka modernist avant-māka a ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea kākau kaulana a koʻikoʻi i ka kenekulia 20. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Joyce no ka ʻ Ulysses ma nā ʻano palapala like ʻole, kaulana loa o ka ʻike ʻana. ʻO nā hana kaulana ʻē aʻe ka ʻpono pōkole Hulinea (1914), a me nā moʻolelo A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) a Finnegans Wake (1939). ʻO kāna mau palapala kākau ʻē aʻe he ʻekolu puke puke poʻomanaʻo, kahi pāʻani, kāna mau leka i paʻi ʻia a me nā nūpepa maʻamau.

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Joyce ma Hulinean i loko o ka ʻohana ma waena waena. He haumana kamaliʻi, ua hele pōkole ʻo ia i — ma mua o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i kula, ʻoiai ʻo ke ola ʻohana kaiaulu i kau ʻia e ka waiwai kālā ʻole ʻia a kona makuakāne. Hele akula ʻo ia i ke komo ʻana Keawahine-kolosaupalin.

I ka makahiki 1904, i kona mau makahiki he ʻumikūmālua, ua hele 'o Joyce i ka ʻĀina ma luna o Europe me kāna hoa (a me ka wahine ma hope) Nora Barnaclenom. Noho lākou i Kiene, Palika, a me Hulih (keluma.: Zürich). ʻOiai ʻo ka hapa nui o kona ola pākuhi i hoʻopau ʻia ma waho, ua launa e Joyce ma luna o Hulinea a nui a ʻoi ʻia ka poʻe i hoʻohālikelike ʻia e nā ʻohana, nā ʻenemi a me nā hoaaloha mai kona manawa i laila. Kū Ulysses i ke kiko me ka pololei me nā alanui a me nā alanui o ke kūlanakauhale. Ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o Ulysses, ua hoʻopuka ʻo ia i kēia preoccupation medyo, i ka ʻōlelo ʻana, "Noʻu iho, kākau mau wau iā Dublin, no ka mea hiki iaʻu ke hiki i ka puʻuwai o Dublin hiki iaʻu ke hiki i ka puʻuwai o nā kūlanakauhale a pau o ka honua i loko o nā mea e pili ana ka honua. "[1]

Nā kūmoleEdit

  1. Ellman, p. 505, citing Power, From an Old Waterford House (London, n.d.), pp. 63–64